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Version: 3.x

Custom Data Structures

While the ink_storage crate provides tons of useful utilities and data structures to organize and manipulate the contract's storage contract authors are not limited by its capabilities. By implementing the core SpreadLayout/PackedLayout traits (and the StorageLayout trait for supporting the metadata generated for the .contract bundle) users are able to define their very own custom storage data structures with their own set of requirement and features that work along the ink_storage data structures as long as they fulfill the mere requirements stated by those two traits.

A basic example of a custom struct is shown below:

struct Inner {
value: bool

pub struct MyContract {
inner: Inner

Compiling the above will result in errors. While having an inner struct which holds only a boolean might not be the best idea, it serves well to illustrate how to implement the trait:

impl SpreadLayout for Inner {
const FOOTPRINT: u64 = 1;

fn pull_spread(ptr: &mut KeyPtr) -> Self {
Self {
value: SpreadLayout::pull_spread(ptr),

fn push_spread(&self, ptr: &mut KeyPtr) {
SpreadLayout::push_spread(&self.value, ptr);

fn clear_spread(&self, ptr: &mut KeyPtr) {
SpreadLayout::clear_spread(&self.value, ptr);

You can check what each method does in the trait's docs. Check how some data structures are implemented, such as Mapping.